Browse Exhibits (50 total)

Ancient Business, Commerce & Trade

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In the ancient world as peoples had eventually begun to establish footholds in the fertile crescent, Nile river basin, along greek coastlines separated by mountains, the Lazio region of modern day italy and the geographic region of the levant as an eventuality these peoples would meet with others. Rather than conquest and take everything or rely upon bartering forever, these peoples instead opted for a more peaceful and orderly way of acquiring goods from one another. So with the ancient peoples business, trade and commerce had sprung into being and adaptations over time became popular in use as a way of interconnecting these kingdoms, cities and empires with others. 

Eventually as interconnectedness had reached a high point and different cities and countries were easily trading with one another this led to them adopting items and ideas from one another such as currency, pots, and arts. With this cultiavted it allowed even greater expansion for business, trade and commerce giving greater opportunities for those wishing to enter. 

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Empires in Mesopotamia

Empires in Mesopotamia have come from both local and foreign forces. Waves of soldiers have fought within the region from local kingdoms (Akkad and Assyria) which resulted in the unification of much of the region. But forces from outside the region (Persia and Alexander) have invaded and united the region and ruled in it their own ways.

Before the age of empires in ancient Mesopotamia, the area was once rife with tribal conflict, with no natural borders, armies could move in and out, plundering and reaping the spoils of war. The Sumerians. Akkadians and Assyrians arose in the Mesopotamian region and united large sections that brought relative peace and stability in the region. This peace and stability resulted in infrastructure projects such as the world's first postal system.

Forces from outside the region also brought new challenges and opportunities for ancient Mesopotamia. The Persian Empire was the largest empire the entire Middle East had ever seen. This brought new wealth and administration to the region. 

Other Exhibits over Empires

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Levant

Ancient Greece

Ancient Roman

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Empires in the Levant

The Levant region of the ancient world was home to many different tribes. These tribes often fought with one another in order to gain larger control of the territory. One of the tribes that decided to leave the region and expand outward were the Phoenicians. The Phoenicians who lived in the region from 1500 BCE to 300 BCE. The Phoenicians set up a much different kind of empire that had been seen in the ancient world The Phoenicians were a great seafaring people that set up trading posts throughout the Mediterranean and beyond.  

Because the Phoenician Empire was more economically based than militarily or politically, what is left behind if its empire is mostly trading items. However, a side effect of this economic imperialism is the cultural transfusion of the Phoenicians to their trading partners. 

Other Exhibits over Empires

Ancient Mesopotamia

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Greece

Ancient Rome

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Roman Military Equipment and Tactics

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The Roman military machine was one of the most successful forces in the ancient world. For almost one thousand years, Rome expanded their control across the Mediterranean using the might of their military prowess. What made the Romans so formidable was their extreme discipline, strict structure, and tactics developed over centuries.

See Egyptian Military Equipment and Tactics

See Mesopotamian Military Equipment and Tactics

See Greek Military Equipment and Tactics

See Military Equipment and Tactics in the Levant

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Law, Crime, and the Courts

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The laws and court systems of the Ancient World, such as Mesopotamia, the Levant, Egypt, Greece, and Rome, were quite influential to the systems that have arose today around the world. The ideas and norms they established helped to fuel the minds that established many of the great governments in place today. While many of these laws and systems were progressive for their time, many were quite barbaric and crude. These systems established the basis for modern law and court systems, but they all had their flaws, too. 

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Mesopotamian Agriculture

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The earliest known evidence of agriculture was discovered in areas of ancient Mesopotamia near the Tigris and Euphrates River around 8000 BCE where some of the first settlements were established. This region is also well known for having the first irrigation practices.  

Egypt

Levant

Greece

Rome

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Roman Slavery: Gladiators

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Roman gladiators provided entertainmet for the people of Rome; gladiators were usually slaves, but the chance at money and fame drew many citizens as well to fight in the Colosseum. 

For more on ancient slavery and its practices see: 

Ancient Mesopotamia

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Greece

Ancient Rome

 

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Ancient Roman Entertainment

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Entertainment in ancient Roman society played a huge role in daily life as well as politics. Some of the most prominent sources of entertainment for ancient Romans were provided in theatrical plays and the gladiator games. Click on the links to the side for more in depth knowledge about each event.

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Roman Kitchens

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Kitchens in Ancient Rome became increasinly sophisitcated as the wealth of the owner increased. Largely only the contents of the homes of Patricians have survived to be excavated by archeologists, as Plebians could not afford the more durable materials. Pompeii and Herculaneum provide the most complete looks into the kitchens of Patricans. Despite their wealth Patricians usually only had small cramped kitchens because they themselves were not using them, rather their slaves were. So it did not matter how comfortable those in the kitchen were as long as the food was prepared. 

Explore more of the Ancient World's culinary traditions:

                   Mediterranean Trinity   Jewish Food Law  Breaking Bread Over Beer  Wine, the Fruity Acohol

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Science and Scientists in the Ancient World

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The Ancient World was full of scientific discoveries. From the Mesopotamians to the Romans, the ancients show us they were very impressive in their scientific abilities. Many different areas of what we would consider science today are touched on in the ancient civilizations. These sciences include the areas of agricultural sciences, astronomy, mathematics, and medicine, as well as many other. Many of the Ancient Civilizations made scientific contributions, discoveries, and advancements that still impact us today, whether we realize it or not.

This exhibit is dedicated to making these scientific discoveries more open to the public through images and text presented on this site. Enjoy.

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